Tokyo's Urban Strength

Tokyo, the World's Leading Megalopolis

With a population of 14.13 million people, Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is a world-leading megalopolis. Its gross metropolitan product is valued at USD 1.118 trillin (FY 2021), an amount rivaling the GDP of the Netherlands.

Tokyo has 2,964 major companies with a capital of 1 billion yen or more. This figure is about half of the total number of such companies in Japan. An international business center, Tokyo is also home to 76 percent of the foreign-affiliated companies in Japan, with over 2,300. Tokyo also ranks top class in the world in number of Fortune Global 500 company headquarters. Such a large accumulation of companies serves as a magnet attracting even more companies to Tokyo, driving the city's economy.

Tokyo's Concentration of Large Companies


Tokyo's High Concentration of Foreign-affiliated Companies


Tokyo, Hub of Global Company Headquarters

Number of Fortune Global 500 headquarters
Source: Fortune Global 500 (2023)

Tokyo : Highest Population among the World Metropolises

The Greater Tokyo Area has a population greatly surpassing that of major world cities such as New York or London, standing at approximately 37.8 million people.A rare characteristics of Tokyo is its orderly operations - there is almost no other city in the world as large as Tokyo that is managed functionally without any serious troubles. It is forecasted that Tokyo will be firmly holding this position even in 2030.

Population size and ranking of urban agglomerations
世界最大の都市圏 東京
世界最大の都市圏 東京

(unit: million)
Source: United Nations "World Urbanization Prospects, the 2014 Revision"

Tokyo's GMP Rivaling National GDPs

Tokyo's GMP ranks 18th in the list of National GDPs.

Tokyo's gross metropolitan product compared to the gross domestic product of major countries
(unit: US $ billion)
Source: Annual Report of the Tokyo Metropolitan Government 2021

The City that Promises Success

Tokyo has everything you need to make your business a success.
Specifically, Tokyo enjoys a high global reputation for its huge market, wealth of potential business partners and human resources, protection of intellectual property rights, and a convenient transport network.

Huge market and sophisticated consumers

This means companies benefit from direct access to the world's largest markets over the long-term. In particular, the world's second largest healthcare market, the IT electronics sector - one of Japan's leading industries - and the environment market, which is expected to grow further with the advancement of measures to address global warming, are drawing much attention from overseas as well as attractive markets.

Consumers in Japan demand a high level of quality and have a sizable appetite for high value-added consumer products. Thus, products and services that are successful in Tokyo can be expected to also earn high marks in the global market.

Wealth of potential business partners and capable human resources

Another strong characteristic of Tokyo is its wealth of potential business partners and human resources. Tokyo has a large number of companies, universities and research institutions. There are also numerous small and medium-sized companies boasting world-leading technologies. Foreign companies expanding operations to Tokyo can create innovation with business partners in Tokyo, then expand the business into other parts of Asia, and the world. Tokyo makes this type of business plan possible.

Comfortable business environment

Japanese society places great importance on freedom and fairness. This environment will offer invaluable benefits as you build and develop your business. Business operations can be conducted with peace of mind as Japan offers the highest level of protection of intellectual property rights in Asia.

In Tokyo, there are many high-performance office buildings with superb earthquake resistance and emergency power systems to ensure that your business can continue to operate 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, even in the event of a disaster, and multipurpose office buildings equipped with MICE* facilities.

Tokyo has a very convenient transport network. There is an intricate rail network of 13 subway lines and JR and private railway lines, allowing quick and easy travel within the city. Notably, in the city center, a subway or JR station is located within 10 minutes on foot. The railways in Japan boast the world's highest level of precision. Those establishing offices in Tokyo's special economic zones can conduct business efficiently without needless use of time.

Haneda Airport, with a greater number of international flights now, can be reached in about 30 minutes by train from the city center, and Narita Airport can be accessed in about one hour by train, making travel to and from your global headquarters extremely convenient.

*MICE:Meetings,Incentives,Conferences and Exhibitions

The Competitiveness and Strengths of Tokyo Compared to Cities around the World

Tokyo ranks high on every list of cities created by research institutions across the globe.

Tokyo is known for its outstanding market scale, accumulation of globally leading companies, substantial and punctual public transportation, excellent public safety, hospitality, and cleanliness.

We encourage you to expand your business into Tokyo, a city that provides a sophisticated market and a charming living environment, and lead your company to new innovation and greater development.

Global Power City Index

among 48 Major Cities of the World

Tokyo was ranked 3rd among 48 major cities in the category of "livability" when judged in terms of "economy", "R&D", "cultural interaction", "livability", "environment", and "accessibility".

Source: The Mori Memorial Foundation "Global Power City Index 2023"

Hot spots: Benchmarking global city competitiveness

among 120 cities in the world

Tokyo received full marks for "physical capital" and "financial maturity" when judged on the eight categories of "economic strength", "physical capital", "financial maturity", "institutional effectiveness", "social and cultural character", "human capital", "environment and natural hazards", "global appeal".

Source: Economist Intelligence Unit "Hot spots: Benchmarking global city competitiveness" (2012)

Global Cities of the Future

among 25 megacities in the world

Tokyo ranked 10th overall among 25 cities classed in the Megacities category when judged on five categories of "economic potential", "human capital and lifestyle", "cost effectiveness", "connectivity", and "business friendliness". Tokyo also received high scores for "human capital and lifestyle", "connectivity", and "business friendliness".

Global Cities of the Future
Source: Financial Times "Global Cities of the Future 2021/22"

Global City Index

among 84 cities around the world

Tokyo was ranked 4th among 84 cities when judged on the five categories of "business activity", "human capital", "information exchange" "cultural experience", "political engagement".

Source: A.T. Kearney "The 2023 Global Cities Report"

TripAdvisor World City Survey

37 key tourist cities
around the world

Among the 16 evaluation items, Tokyo ranked number one for "helpful locals", "best taxi services", "cleanest streets", and "best public transport", as well as "best overall experience".

Best overall experience
Source: TripAdvisor World City Survey (2014)
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